Bloomfield Street Historic District
The Bloomfield Street Historic District is an Athens residential neighborhood on the National Register of Historic Places due to its significance in architecture, landscape architecture, community planning and development, and local history. It is named after a local Athens industrialist Robert L. Bloomfield. He is responsible for developing the the core of the district along Bloomfield Street by subdividing it into lots along Bloomfield Street in the late 1880s. The Bloomfield Street Historic District in part runs along Bloomfield Street and streets to the east and west branching off of it. The boundaries include Peabody Street to the north, the University of Georgia campus to the east, Rutherford Street to the south and the Milledge Avenue Historic District to the west. The district is typical of a modest, small town Georgia residential neighborhood in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The predominant architecture of the district is characterized by modest middle-class homes in the Victorian Eclectic, American Foursquare, Bungalow and Craftsman styles with a few examples of Tudor Revival and Neoclassical details. The district is also notable for three interpretations of the Craftsman style along Mell Street that were designed by Athens architect Fred Orr who designed several other residences in Athens and Atlanta during the early 20th century. It also contains a neighborhood park.
Eugenia Arnold Friend House – 1903
The Eugenia Arnold Friend House was originally constructed as a clapboard Victorian with a wrap around porch. In 1933, the home was remodeled in the Federal Style due to the popularity of the Colonial Revival Style at the time. The original Federal Period of architecture lasted from the 1780s to the 1850s. The Colonial Revival Period lasted from the late 19th century through the early 20th century, and was characterized by reviving styles and ornamentation from classical architecture such as the Federal or Greek Styles. The Federal Style often includes a window directly above the front door (called a fanlight), a large central window on the second story above the entrance, a symmetrical floor plan and exterior, a brick facade, and subdued ornamentation. The Eugenia Arnold Friend House includes all of these qualities, but adds in a swan neck or s-curve pediment above the doorway and pilasters with detailed cornices on either side of the entrance. The house and all its furnishings have remained virtually unchanged since the mid century.
145 Mell Street – 1909
This house was built in 1909 for John Morris and designed by Athens architect Frank Orr. Frank Orr designed many homes throughout the city of Athens and the block that this house sits on is thought to boast the most examples of his work in the city. It is a Craftsman style and displays many of the defining features including the stuccoed exterior (which in this house is yellow), and the pitched gable roof, one full story with an above half story, windows with multiple lights and exposed wooden elements. Today it is no longer a single family home but has instead been divided into several rental units.
133 Cloverhurst Terrace – 1910
This Craftsman style house was built in 1910 and is typical of the houses contained in the district. It has stylistic similarities with several surrounding houses which are all Craftsman Style with half timbering; although the others are bungalows. Distinctive features of the home that are typical of the Craftsman Style include wood construction, a covered front porch supported by columns, double hung windows with divided lights (or panes), and exposed wooden half-timbering details. This two story Craftsman is thought to have been built by John Mell when he was subdividing the land and rented out until buyers were found. At one time it was owned by the Tucker family of Tucker Iron Works and at that time it was two apartments; one on the first floor and one on the second floor. The interior was obviously been changed since it was built to accommodate the two apartments while the exterior has stayed relatively unchanged with the exception of the original wooden porch columns being replaced by iron ones at the time of Tucker family’s residence. Today the iron columns have been removed and wooden ones put in their place to reflect the originals.
Hendren-Emily House, 100 Cloverhurst Terrace – 1916
Fred J. Orr designed the Hendren-Emily House in the Craftsman Style just prior to 1920 for Dr. L. L. Hendren, a University of Georgia professor. Additionally, many subsequent owners have been UGA professors. The Craftsman Style was popular for homes in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Orr is known for having incorporated an “O” into each of the homes he designed as a trademark for his work. However, Orr curiously did not place an “O” on this house, though his signature is on the original blueprints. While we may never know why Orr left off his “O” signature, this Craftsman is still the ultimate bungalow. The Hendren-Emily House includes all the mainstays of the style including a gable roof with overhangs, false beams, and a porch. It is no wonder that this home was chosen to represent the Craftsman Style in the Bicentennial Celebration of Athens Architecture Tour of Homes in 2001.
Photo Gallery Provided by Kristin Karch